Monday, July 28, 2008

How Entertainment Can Influence Thoughts and Actions by Focus on the Family

This is part of an article from Focus on the Family about the influence of the media on people and especially on young people and adults.

"It's just entertainment. It doesn't affect me." That common viewpoint — especially among young people — is naive at best. While it almost goes without saying that few people will allow something they see or hear in media to turn them into killers or rapists, for better or worse, it's clear that media does have the power to influence our thoughts, actions and behaviors. Consider a few examples:

The Harry Potter series has cast a spell worldwide. In Britain, a broom maker reported a spike in sales, explaining, "Children have seen them in the film and ask their parents to buy them one." The Hexenschule, a European school of witchcraft, credits J.K. Rowling's boy wizard with increased enrollment. Elsewhere, American schools have adapted the high-flying game Quiddich for use in gym class, and a young woman in Spain burned her house halfway to the ground while attempting to brew a potion like her Hogwarts heroes.

In June 2006, the Journal of Adolescent Health reported that teens who absorbed sexually explicit entertainment the most frequently were up to 2.2 times more likely to have had sexual intercourse by ages 14 to 16 than those who had been exposed the least., 3/22/06; Journal of Adolescent Health, 3/06; Reuters, 4/3/06]

In December 2003, the legal defense team of Lee Boyd Malvo (the 18-year-old convicted as one of the Washington-area snipers) argued that violent media was used to desensitize the teen to killing. Lawyers showed the jury clips from movies and video games that were allegedly used to "brainwash" Malvo. They included a scene from The Matrix wherein characters Neo and Trinity gun down policemen. Dewey Cornell, a clinical psychologist, testified, "Exposure to entertainment violence desensitizes people to violence, makes it seem more acceptable. These people have more violent thoughts and actions." This phenomenon occurs in millions who feast on violent fare, even if they don't take that desensitization to murderous extremes.

During the Jack Nicholson film About Schmidt, audiences were shown the photo of a 6-year-old Tanzanian boy cared for by Childreach, an actual nonprofit organization. Donations to Childreach soared. The humanitarian group, which recruits U.S. sponsors for children in developing countries, had been receiving three sponsorships per day on its Web site. When the film went nationwide, that figure rose to 80.

How do you spike popular interest in battered, broken, bloody corpses? Make them the centerpiece of a TV show. Since the 2000 debut of "CSI: Crime Scene Investigation," colleges and universities have noticed a large increase in the number of students taking forensics classes. And some insiders are fingering CSI as the inspiration. A representative from Manhattan’s Pace University credits the CBS series as a “major force” in its decision to add new undergraduate and grad-school degree programs in the field. And The American Academy of Forensic Sciences says that 25 people per week are calling regarding forensic careers, a five-fold increase. [, 8/14/02]

A study funded by the nonprofit Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and published in the Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine has found that the more cigarette marketing teens see in retail stores, the more likely they are to pick up the habit. Sandy Slater, who led the study, dogmatically commented, "Restricting these marketing practices would reduce youth smoking." Researchers evaluated the effect of point-of-purchase advertising on a nationally representative sample of 26,000 8th, 10th and 12th graders from 1999 to 2003. [AP, 5/8/07 c&e]

The scene in Mission: Impossible 2 of Tom Cruise’s mountaintop experience involving instructions received via his sunglasses caused Oakley sunglass sales to soar to $100 million in the quarter following the movie’s release — up 39 percent from the same quarter the previous year. Not a bad return on a $100,000 product placement investment! (Robert Smithouser. Movie Nights, Tyndale House, 2002)

In 1988, a Dallas morning deejay asked his listeners to send him $20, without giving them a reason. Within a week, the radio station had received over $240,000. (Stan Campbell and Randy Southern. Mind Over Media, Tyndale House, 2001)

"All too many people read novels or see films and think they're experiencing reality. ... According to the Barna Group, 24% of those who read The Da Vinci Code said it 'aided their spiritual growth and understanding.' In other words, one in four of its readers believe the book's thesis (as opposed to its story line) is true." —columnist Don Feder, referring to how Dan Brown's controversial book has influenced some readers [, 5/16/06]

A brief candy cameo in E.T. — The Extraterrestrial immediately sent sales of Reese’s Pieces into orbit. Sales increased 65 percent after the film’s release. (Robert Smithouser. Movie Nights, Tyndale House, 2002)

Wham-o, Inc. is convinced that movies can have a powerful influence on children. That's why it sued the makers of Dickie Roberts: Former Child Star for irresponsibly depicting its Slip 'N Slide toy in the movie. A character throws himself onto a dry Slip 'N Slide, leaving his chest covered in welts. Later he greases it, causing him to slide uncontrollably into a fence. A Wham-O spokesman expressed concern that children might copy that "reckless" behavior and severely injure themselves.

My own note: We should be very concerned about what our young people (and we adults) are exposed to. I think that the Internet, email and other kinds of technology also have great influence in lives. I think if I were raising my children today, I would be so very careful of the Internet. I probably wouldn't let them go to other people's houses unless I knew for certain there was very controlled access to the Internet and that the parents in the home supervised the use and that they had the same concerns we did.


Julie said...

Not to mention the video games. I think that for youth offenders, they should not allow them ANY media, entertainment, music, radio, nothing. Completely de-tox them and let them see what it is to live their own life. Maybe live with the Amish for a while.

Kay Day said...

I think we are all vulnerable to the same things, not just teens and kids. Hopefully, we can use some discernment and wisdom, but I still am careful about what I watch and read.

I think it is something that happens in our brain, rather than people being too dumb to realize it isn't reality. Some people think they are smart enough or whatever to handle it. But it is very subtle.

Cecily said...

This is a fascinating post. I am very interested in the sources you used, and I would like to use them in some of my own research and writing. I am unfamiliar with blogs so don't really know how to go about this, but is there a way I could contact you to get them (perhaps by email)?
Thanks!! --I will check this page periodically to see your response.

Robin said...

Movies and TV can be frightening because they have so much power over those who watch it...

I found these a while back - not sure if you've seen them...but both are powerful. The brownie "experiment" would be great to try on teens or anyone.

QOTW said...

I appreciate the good feedback. I think we are all concerned about children (and adults) and how they are influenced especially in very negative ways. I found this article for my blog on the Focus on the Family website. It is

There are several other articles listed there as well. I went through Robin's blog (actionsspeakloudest)(see under her comment on this page) to Revive Our Hearts website. They have a challege about eliminating watching TV for a month. I kept following that site until I found the Focus on the Family article.

Momstheword said...

A very good and timely post. People want to think no one is that influenced by TV or movies. Baloney! Why else would they target children with toy ads all the time? I appreciate your sharing of this information. People can go to Citizenlink, affiliated with Focus on the Family, for more.